Bâtiment à Drapanos (Grèce) - Anglais
Seminar hall with straw bales and wood
Location: Drapanos municipality of Apokoronas
Owner: Alan & Sharon Jackson Co.
Architects and supervision of works: Chrysafaki Zeta , architect
Diamantaki Antonia , architect
Civil engineer: Andreadakis Tassos
Mechanical engineer: Rovlias Costas
Constructor: Nikoloudakis Antonis
The " European Sustainability Academy " (ESA) is an international teaching and research center in the field of Ethics, Sustainable Business and Corporate Social Responsibility ( CSR ) which has started operating in 2012. Conceived The action this and the owner of the building that hosts it , Sharon Jackson, is director at CSR Carlton UK and important issue for this from the beginning was the premises of ESA to be a living example of building environmentally friendly .
The plot is located at ' Kouroupitos ' outside the village Drapano Apokoronos municipality has an area of 4,234.56 m2 . This is an area without strong variations with altitude vegetation of olive , carob and holm oaks . Scattered rocky mikroschimatismoi at various points of the plot along with the vegetation of particular interest creating great variety of landscapes in a small area of space .
Description of the building - bioclimatic design and use of ecological materials
The building is ground floor and has an area of 266.55 m2 with basement 80,80 m2 .
The shape of the building is an open G. On one side is placed a single space meals and a small reception room and another in a boardroom. The two sides are joined to the central space of the foyer , a lower area of the halls where is the main entrance to the building . Placed there and ancillary uses such as wc and a small kitchenette .
The overlapping portions of the roof is planted with native species of flora separately from conventional sheet metal for the installation of photovoltaic panels covering the energy needs of the building .
The preservation of the natural landscape
- The vegetation and rock formations remained intact throughout the land . The shape of the building resulting from the adjustment of the boundaries of the building line and its integration into the natural landscape to simultaneously provide users with specific optical qualities fygon this.
- The holding orientation for natural lighting and ventilation.
- The choice of passive cooling systems and insolation in designing such large openings in the south with canopies at selected locations , small openings in the north and west , and placing them on opposite positions contribute to the thermal comfort of the user, and less energy consumption for heating and cooling the building .
- The use of natural building materials with low embodied energy .
- The main body of the building is of laminated wood quality C24 from recycled forests certified PEFC.
- The walls filling two kinds: the two large halls used straw bales 50cm thick and coated with plaster pilokoniama internally and externally. For the central section comprising the lobby and ancillary areas used masonry 60 cm thick stones from the excavation .
- The interior walls were built of mud-bricks which are made from soil excavation , river sand and straw .
- The use of natural materials in the construction , where possible , been an option with significant advantages . The products of excavation used in many parts of the building . The straw bales have very good insulating properties thereby reducing the need for energy consumption for cooling and heating while the use of clay and wood in the interior creates a microclimate for healthy users .
As part of the construction of external walls seminar learning about building with straw bales , under which both laymen and experts in the building sector were allowed to come into contact with the materials and participate in the construction of the building .